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Male Infertility: A Closer Look at Men's Health

What is male infertility?

A disorder of the reproductive system is infertility. It prevents someone from becoming a parent. A woman, a guy, or both may be impacted by it. A male's infertility indicates a reproductive system defect. It means that you are not allowed to become pregnant with your partner.

What causes male infertility?

You might not be able to conceive if you have problems with any of these. The following is a list of some of the main causes of male infertility.

1. Medical causes

Numerous medical conditions and treatments can lead to problems with male fertility:

  • Varicocele: A growth of the veins feeding the testicles is called a varicocele. It is the most common treatment cause of male infertility. It's unclear exactly why varicoceles lead to infertility, but it might have something to do with irregular blood flow. Sperm quantity and quality are decreased as a result of varicoceles.

  • infection: Sperm health and production might be negatively impacted by specific diseases. These include certain sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea or HIV, and inflammation of the testicles (orchitis) or the bladder (epididymitis). While severe illnesses may result in lasting damage to the testicles, most of the time sperm can still recover from infections.

  • Undescended testicles: Some people may not have one or both testicles fall from the abdomen into the sac (scrotum) that holds the testicles during fetal development. Males who have experienced this sickness in the past are more likely to have lower fertility.

  • Chromosome defects: Guy reproductive organ development is faulty in inherited illnesses such Klinefelter's syndrome, when a guy is born with two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome (instead of one X and one Y). Kallmann's syndrome and cystic fibrosis are two more hereditary diseases linked to infertility.

2. Environmental causes
  • industrial substances: Low sperm counts may be caused by repeated exposure to specific chemicals, pesticides, herbicides, organic solvents, and painting materials.

  • Heavy metal exposure: Infertility may also result from exposure to lead or other heavy metals.

  • X-rays or radiation: Radiation exposure can decrease sperm production, but it usually returns to normal over time. It is possible to permanently impair sperm production with large radiation exposures.

  • The testicles become too hot: High temperatures can affect the function and generation of sperm. Regular use of hot tubs or baths may temporarily lower your sperm count .

Risk factors

Among the risk factors for male infertility are:

  • Using tobacco
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Taking specific illegal substances
  • Being overweight Having certain infections, either current or former
  • being in the presence of poisons
  • The testicles becoming overheated
  • Having gone through testicular trauma
  • Having had a significant abdominal or pelvic surgery or a vasectomy in the past
  • Having a past in which testicles were not descended
  • Having a blood family with a reproductive issue or being born with one
  • Possessing certain medical disorders, such as tumors and long-term ailments like sickle cell disease
  • taking certain drugs or receiving medical care, such as radiation or surgery, to treat cancer

Medication or counseling can increase fertility in situations such as low sperm count, erectile dysfunction, or early ejaculation. The best course of action is to see your doctor right away for a diagnosis and treatment. Ashakiran Hospital and Asha IVF Centre in Pune is the best Male Infertility hospital in Pune.

IVF specialist in Pune FAQs

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is a fertility treatment where eggs are retrieved from a woman's ovaries and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the woman's uterus to achieve pregnancy.

Common causes of infertility in men include low sperm count, abnormal sperm shape, or sperm motility issues. In women, factors can include ovulation disorders, blocked fallopian tubes, or issues with the uterus or cervix.

The success rate of IVF varies depending on various factors such as age, overall health, and specific fertility issues. On average, the success rate ranges from 20% to 40% per treatment cycle, with higher success rates observed in younger women.

IVF procedures are generally not considered painful. However, some discomfort or mild cramping may occur during certain stages, such as ovarian stimulation or egg retrieval. Pain management techniques are used to minimize any potential discomfort.

The IVF process typically involves ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, sperm collection, fertilization in the laboratory, embryo development, embryo transfer to the uterus, and finally, pregnancy testing to determine if the procedure was successful.

While age restrictions may vary among fertility clinics, generally there is no strict upper age limit for IVF treatment. However, success rates tend to decline with age, and certain clinics may have their own guidelines or recommendations based on individual health factors.

IVF can be a promising option for individuals or couples struggling with infertility as it offers a higher chance of conception and a fulfilling journey to parenthood. It provides hope, advanced reproductive technologies, and personalized care, making dreams of having a child a reality.

An IVF treatment cycle typically lasts around 4 to 6 weeks, although the duration can vary depending on individual circumstances. It involves several stages, including ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilization, embryo development, and embryo transfer to the uterus.

Yes, there are alternative fertility treatments to consider before IVF. Some options include fertility medications, intrauterine insemination (IUI), lifestyle changes, and addressing underlying health issues that may be affecting fertility. These alternatives can be explored based on individual circumstances and the advice of a fertility specialist.

When choosing a fertility clinic for IVF, factors to consider include the clinic's success rates, experience and qualifications of the medical staff, available technologies and treatments, cost and financing options, location, patient reviews and testimonials, and overall comfort and support provided by the clinic.