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If you are considering IVF therapy or have been advised to do so by your fertility specialist, there are a few other considerations that may come to your mind. It is important that you understand what happens at each stage of treatment, even though the words may sound confusing. We will talk about the first step in this blog post, which is ovarian stimulation.

To more fully understand the ovarian stimulation phase, you need to be familiar with the process of female ovulation.

Ovulation Process :

A woman's menstrual cycle typically lasts around 28 days, though this might vary widely from woman to woman. When the endometrial lining sheds, the first day of the menstrual cycle is regarded as the first day of menstruation. Every woman's monthly cycle has specific times when significant things take place, making her fertile and may be able to produce a kid. The cycle begins with the follicular phase, which is followed by ovulation. The luteal phase continues for the remainder of the period till the cycle restarts. Each of these procedures is activated by hormones produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland and regulated by the hypothalamus. Two particularly significant hormones for the menstrual cycle are luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).

When Ovarian Stimulation Is Used?

Ovarian stimulation is generally used:

  • To induce ovulation in patients with ovulatory dysfunction to help them conceive.

  • For egg retrieval in IVF treatments.

  • To store oocytes (eggs) for future use.
Why is ovarian stimulation necessary?

First, let's review the history of in vitro fertilization (IVF). The IVF procedure is first performed during a woman's regular menstrual cycle. Two issues immediately emerged. One possibility was that a woman receiving treatment for irregular ovulation would not produce any oocytes at all. Others had a low level of efficiency dealing with only a single embryo and the possibility that the entire process would fail if this one oocyte was of insufficient quality. Because of these difficulties, ovarian stimulation that allows the production of multiple oocytes is performed. This has quickly exhausted the use of the natural cycle. This made it possible to choose products of the highest caliber. Since then, many years of research have been conducted with the aim of maximizing the effectiveness of this part of IVF technology.

IVF Treatment Stages:

1. Ovarian stimulation
2. Oocyte retrieval
3. Insemination/ ICSI
4. Embryo transfer

Prolongation protocol and antagonist protocol are two different types of ovarian stimulation. In longer treatment, ovarian stimulation is usually started one week before the expected start of the next menstrual cycle. Stimulation in the antagonist protocol begins on the second day of the menstrual cycle. In order to collect as many mature oocytes as possible during the egg retrieval process, several hormones are given.

A crucial first step in many reproductive treatments is ovarian stimulation. Always visit a qualified specialist before using any drug prescribed by a doctor for ovarian stimulation. Gynecologist Dr. Ashwini Kale offers counselling on ovarian stimulation at Ashakiran Hospital.

IVF specialist in Pune FAQs

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is a fertility treatment where eggs are retrieved from a woman's ovaries and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the woman's uterus to achieve pregnancy.

Common causes of infertility in men include low sperm count, abnormal sperm shape, or sperm motility issues. In women, factors can include ovulation disorders, blocked fallopian tubes, or issues with the uterus or cervix.

The success rate of IVF varies depending on various factors such as age, overall health, and specific fertility issues. On average, the success rate ranges from 20% to 40% per treatment cycle, with higher success rates observed in younger women.

IVF procedures are generally not considered painful. However, some discomfort or mild cramping may occur during certain stages, such as ovarian stimulation or egg retrieval. Pain management techniques are used to minimize any potential discomfort.

The IVF process typically involves ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, sperm collection, fertilization in the laboratory, embryo development, embryo transfer to the uterus, and finally, pregnancy testing to determine if the procedure was successful.

While age restrictions may vary among fertility clinics, generally there is no strict upper age limit for IVF treatment. However, success rates tend to decline with age, and certain clinics may have their own guidelines or recommendations based on individual health factors.

IVF can be a promising option for individuals or couples struggling with infertility as it offers a higher chance of conception and a fulfilling journey to parenthood. It provides hope, advanced reproductive technologies, and personalized care, making dreams of having a child a reality.

An IVF treatment cycle typically lasts around 4 to 6 weeks, although the duration can vary depending on individual circumstances. It involves several stages, including ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilization, embryo development, and embryo transfer to the uterus.

Yes, there are alternative fertility treatments to consider before IVF. Some options include fertility medications, intrauterine insemination (IUI), lifestyle changes, and addressing underlying health issues that may be affecting fertility. These alternatives can be explored based on individual circumstances and the advice of a fertility specialist.

When choosing a fertility clinic for IVF, factors to consider include the clinic's success rates, experience and qualifications of the medical staff, available technologies and treatments, cost and financing options, location, patient reviews and testimonials, and overall comfort and support provided by the clinic.